Nowadays, people from all over the world pay particular attention to the environment and
environmental protection issues. The pollution of the world ocean with harmful microorganisms
by sea transport is a quite critical problem.
International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water and
Sediments (BWM Convention) came into force on 8 September 2017. Purpose of the Convention
is to prevent spreading of alien aquatic organisms from one area to another and reduce harm to
the marine environment.